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Trade in goods with non-EU countries decreased the most in May

According to Statistics Estonia, in May 2023, Estonia’s exports of goods decreased by 15% and imports by 13% at current prices compared with May 2022. Exports of goods amounted to 1.6 billion and imports to 1.9 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 309 million euros, which is 12 million euros more than in May last year.

Jane Leppmets, analyst at Statistics Estonia, said that, in May, there was a noticeable decrease in trade with many of Estonia’s main partner countries. “In trade with EU countries, the decline was 6% for exports and 5% for imports. There was a more substantial decrease in trade with non-EU countries, where exports fell by 33% and imports by 38%. Russia is no longer among the top ten partner countries for Estonia’s imports, which is mainly the result of decreased imports of mineral fuels and articles of wood,” added Leppmets.

The main commodities exported in May were electrical equipment (14% of Estonia’s total exports), transport equipment (12%), and wood and articles of wood (11%). The biggest fall was recorded in the exports of mineral products (down by 248 million euros). The exports of wood and articles of wood decreased by 43 million euros and the exports of base metals and articles of base metal by 40 million euros. Compared with May 2022, the biggest increase occurred in the exports of transport equipment (up by 74 million euros) and mechanical appliances (up by 21 million euros). The share of goods of Estonian origin in exports fell by four percentage points compared with May 2022 and was 65% of total exports in May this year. Year on year, the exports of goods of Estonian origin decreased by 21%.

Estonia’s top export partner in May was Finland (15% of total exports), followed by Latvia (13%) and Sweden (10%). The main commodities exported were electrical equipment (incl. static converters) to Finland, mineral products (incl. electricity) to Latvia, and electrical equipment (incl. communication equipment) to Sweden. The biggest decline was registered in exports to the United States, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Compared with May last year, there were decreased exports of electrical equipment (incl. communication equipment) to the USA, and lower exports of mineral products (incl. mineral oils) to Egypt and to the United Arab Emirates. The greatest increase occurred in exports to Lithuania, where more transport equipment (incl. motor cars) was exported in May this year, and in exports to the Netherlands, where more mineral products (incl. mineral oils) were exported.

The main commodities imported to Estonia in May were transport equipment, electrical equipment and mineral products. The biggest fall was recorded in the imports of mineral products (down by 170 million euros). The imports of base metals and articles of base metal decreased by 65 million euros, and the imports of wood and articles of wood by 61 million euros. The biggest increases were recorded in the imports of transport equipment (up by 48 million euros), agricultural products and food preparations (up by 16 million euros), and electrical equipment (up by 11 million euros).

In May, the top partner countries for Estonia’s imports of goods were Finland (16% of Estonia’s total imports), Germany (12%) and Latvia (10%). The main commodities imported were mineral products (incl. electricity) from Finland, transport equipment (incl. motor cars) from Germany, and agricultural products and food preparations (incl. non-alcoholic beverages) from Latvia. The biggest fall occurred in imports from Russia, Lithuania and Latvia due to decreased imports of mineral products. There were fewer imports of mineral oils from Russia, smaller imports of petroleum oils from Lithuania, and lower imports of natural gas from Latvia. Compared with May 2022, imports from Kazakhstan increased the most, boosted by greater imports of mineral products (incl. petroleum oils).

(Source: https://www.stat.ee/en/news/trade-goods-non-eu-countries-decreased-most-may)


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